On Solar System Exploration




Earth, our home. Since the dawn of mankind, we – as one species – have prevailed and survived through catastrophes of mythical scale. A few minds change the way we see and describe the Cosmos around us. A few explorers unrevealed the true fabric of nature. Earth, People, Science, Philosophy and Art, makes our lives an unprecedented experience. 🙂


Missions to the Moon

Moon holds the record on missions; with of over a hundred exploration (first mission was at 1958). Between 1969-1972, twelve (12) men have walked on the Moon. In our near future it is most likely to see a moon village!

Useful links on the missions: link#1, link#2, link#3, link#4, link#5.

this trip to space-time, an unprecedented experience.


Missions to Mercury

We can refer two (2), so far, exploration missions to Mercury: ‘Mariner 10’ (1973) and the ‘MESSENGER’ (2004). Not the hottest but surely the closest planet to our sun!

Useful links on the missions: link#1, link#2, link#3, link#4.

Useful links on Mercury: link#1, link#2.


Missions to Venus

Since 1961, a large number (40+) of missions to Venus were launched (link). Many of them ware failures (link#1, link#2)!  Many missions (link#1, link#2) manage to send.


Missions to Mars

His past excites our fantasy. Moreover, Olympus Mons is the tallest volcano in our solar system. The past and present of Mars’ exploration holds the record on tries of human exploration: orbiters, landers, probes. Mars’ future: terraforming & colonization? Who knows!

Useful links on the missions: link#1, link#2, link#3, link#4, link#5.


Missions to Jupiter

Jupiter is our solar system’s biggest planet. His moon Europa holds many …icy secrets: ice tectonics,? eruption of water plumes? subsurface water ocean? Too many to be discovered!

Useful links on the missions: link#1, link#2, on Jupiter link#1, link#2 and Europa link#1, link#2.


Missions to Saturn

Saturn, with the magnificent rings and two very … interesting moons – Titan & Enceladus, is the least dense planet. With a mean density of ~0.7 g/cm3 is less dens than water (1 g/cm3).

Useful links on the missions: link#1, , list#2, link#2, on Saturn link#1, link#2, on Titan & Enceladus link#1, link#2   .


Mission to Uranus

Uranus is the coldest planet of our solar system. The only spacecraft ever visit Uranus is the Voyager 2 probe. The Voyager 2 was launched on 1977 and reached Uranus on 1986.

Useful links on the missions link and on Uranus link#1, link#2. link#3, link#4.


Mission to Neptune

The only spacecraft ever visit Neptune is the Voyager 2 probe. Note that 1 neptunian years = 165 earth years!

Find here a useful link on the mission and on Neptune link#1, link#2.


Mission to Pluto

The New Horizons missions, is the only mission, to our very distant dwarf planet and beyond. Too many to be discovered!

Useful links on the mission link#1, link#2 and on Pluto link#1, link#2.


The Rosetta mission

ESA’s historic Rosetta mission concluded as planned, on 30 September 2016, with a controlled impact onto the comet it had been investigating for more than two years. The mission was launched on 2 March 2004, on a 10-year journey towards comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. En route, it passed by two asteroids, 2867 Steins (in 2008) and 21 Lutetia (in 2010), before entering deep-space hibernation mode in June 2011. On 20 January 2014, it ‘woke up’ and prepared for arrival at the comet in August that year. On 12 November, the mission deployed its Philae probe to the comet, the first time in history that such an extraordinary feat was achieved. During the next phase of the mission, Rosetta accompanied the comet through perihelion (13 August 2015) until the end of the mission.” from http://sci.esa.int/rosetta/

Useful links link#1, link#2.


shortlink: http://bit.do/exploration2017

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Inspiring Students & Science Careers

Inspiring Student’s & Science Careers – 6th Junior High School of Thessaloniki

AllSTEM banner

This schools year we are implementing an educational program (on science careers) entitled “Can we see …the black holes?” aimed at a) working like scientist in order to characterise a star, in a binary star, as possible black hole and b) informing students about STEM careers and latest advances in astronomy, astrophysics and science – in general. In this context we are organising also on-line/web meetings.

Up today, we have already connected with:

a) IceCube at South Pole [Jan. 19th, 2017]

b) with Dr. C. Penzo [Jan. 26th, 2017]

c) CMS experiment at CERN [Jan. 31st, 2017]


d) Thessaloniki – Krakow [Mar. 16th, 2017]

By clicking on the links above, you can see a full description of the event and also the educational material created regarding these activities…




shortlink: http://bit.do/issc-2017

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STEMA-general banner.jpg


[program’s team: N.Nerantzis (contact person), N.Kazantzidis, A.Afouxenidou]

Virtual Visit @ CMS / CERN

Χθές, Τρίτη 31 Ιανουρίου 2017, και ώρα 13:00, το 6ο Γυμνασίoυ Θεσσαλονίκης (στο πλαίσιο του Προγράμματος Σχολικών Δραστηριοτήτων – Αγωγής Σταδιοδρομίας: «ΜΠΟΡΟΥΜΕ ΝΑ …ΔΟΥΜΕ ΤΙΣ ΜΑΥΡΕΣ ΤΡΥΠΕΣ;») και με την υποστήριξη του προγράμματος CREATIONS (http://creations-project.eu/), συνδεθήκε μέσω ιντερνέτ για μία Virtual Visit στο CMS @ CERN. Ευχαριστούμε τους Αγγελο Αλεξόπουλο, Αντώνη Αγαπητό, Noemi Beni, Zoltan Szillasi και όλη την ομάδα στο πείραμα CMS του CERN!

Δείτε περισσότερα εδώ: https://indico.cern.ch/event/593632/

Στο πλαίσιο της προετοιμασίας, δημιουργήθηκαν τα παρακάτω αρχεία για τη χρηση σε χαρτί swell (για PIAF) για μαθητές με προβλήματα όρασης(*).


Yesterday, Tuesday, 31st of January 2017, at 13:00, the 6th Junior High School of Thessaloniki (in the School Activities Program – Career Education: “CAN WE SEE … THE BLACK HOLES?” and with the support of CREATIONS (http://creations-project.eu/),) took part in a Virtual Visit to the CMS Experiment at CERN. We would like to thank Angelos Alexopoulos, Antonis Agapitos, Noemi Beni, Zoltan Szillasi and the rest of the team at the CMS Experiment at CERN!

More info here: https://indico.cern.ch/event/593632/

In the contex of the Virtual Visit, the upper files were created in order to use in swell paper (for PIAF) for visual impaired students(*). 



Credits: Angelos Alexopoulos


shortlink: http://bit.do/cms-2017

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(*) for A4 or A3 swell paper use the images with the “A4-” prefix. (The other files are with a great deal of details and perhaps they would be OK for printing in A2)